What is Orthognathic Surgery?
Ortho (Greek for 'correct'); gnathos (Greek for 'jaw') is, literally from the Greek translation, corrective surgery of the jaws.
Who has jaw surgery?
Jaw surgery can be carried out to make parts of your face a more normal size to improve your facial appearance and profile. This hopefully results in increased self-esteem and confidence
|Large lower jaw before Surgery||Lower jaw after Surgery|
You may be unhappy with a large, small or asymmetrical lower jaw (mandible) or upper jaw (maxilla). Jaw surgery can be used as to enhance the effects of face lifts, neck lifts, fillers, lip position and fullness, by addressing not only the soft tissue but the supporting facial skeleton and the teeth. Redhead Orthodontics works with colleagues across the various specialities to achieve these optimal results.
Surgery to reduce the size of the lower jaw
Surgery to reduce prominent front teeth
Surgery to reduce a gummy smile
Reshaping your face with orthodontics and corrective surgery
This web page is designed to take you through the stages if you are considering undergoing surgery to change the shape of your face. This type of surgery is called Orthognathic surgery. There are many reasons for having surgery:
- If your jaws don't meet correctly and your teeth don't seem to fit with your jaws you might have a bite problem.
- If you are not happy with the way you look
- Your bones and teeth may have grown unusually
- or your face may have been injured.
Whatever the reason your teeth and facial bones can be repositioned to create a more balanced appearance with jaws that work together well.
Who is the Surgeon that will be treating me?
Mr Jonathan Collier is a consultant orthognathic surgeon at the Chelsea and Westminster hospital and several private hospitals in London.
Initially Dr Redhead uses braces to move your teeth into the correct position for your bite you will have after surgery. Then Mr Collier reshapes your jaw and perhaps other facial bones to give you a better bite and a more pleasing appearance.
Do you need orthodontic surgery?
Think about the questions below they can be a good starting point for discussing orthognathic surgery with your orthodontist and surgeon.
- do you have a problem with biting or chewing?
- Do your lower teeth hit the roof of your mouth when you eat?
- Have you noticed wear on your teeth?
- do you like the way you look from the front? Do you like your profile?
- do you understand your reasons for wanting to change your face and bite?
- Will surgery interfere with your life now?
The framework of your face
just as bones give shape to your whole body bones also form the framework of your face. The size and position of facial bones and the teeth in them determine how well you bite and how you look. If any of these bones are shaped incorrectly this can change your appearence.
Normal Facial anatomy
If your teeth come together evenly when you chew you have a normal bite. If the relationship between your nose lips and chin is a pleasing one you have a proportional appearance or profile.
You have a normal bite if all of your upper teeth and lower teeth are aligned correctly and bite together evenly - your front upper teeth should overlap your front lower teeth slightly.
A facial imbalance
if your jaws and face out of proportion. Incorrectly shaped bones are usually caused by uneven development of your jaws or may be caused by injury to the face. You may have one or a combination of these facial imbalances.
The orthodontist role.
Alex Redhead will examine the position of your teeth and determines how braces will prepare your bite for surgery.
The surgeon's role
Mr Collier studies your jaws to determine how the bones may be repositioned to improve the function of your jaw.
Before beginning treatment
You need to visit your general dentist to check for the presence of untreated gum disease and any other dental work that needs doing before beginning treatment.
Aligning your teeth
Dr Redhead will properly position your teeth for the bite you have after surgery. You may be wearing braces for 6 to 18 months before surgery and up to a year afterwards, depending on the position of your teeth and the type of surgery you're having. During operation time you'll see Dr Redhead about every 6 weeks for adjustments. Because he is positioning your teeth for the bite you have after surgery it may seem like your braces are making your bite worse than it was before - so do not be alarmed.
Checking your progress
At first Mr Collier may want to see you every couple of months to plan surgery and check your progress. As surgery nears your visits may increase. Before surgery Dr redhead and Mr Collier may perform one or more simulated or mock surgeries on digital or plaster models of your teeth to plan each detail of the proposed surgery.
Take time to ask them both any questions you may have. Also get the support you need from your family and friends. As your surgery date nears Mr Collier may recommend soft food recipes, this lets you experiment and stock up on the foods you will need after surgery.
Your surgical experience
Before surgery, you will have some laboratory tests to check you are fit enough for the surgery. The surgery is carried out in a private Hospital environment. You will receive IV fluids and medication to prevent dehydration and infection. The medications also help limit swelling and control pain.
Risks and complications
As with any surgery, there are some risks and complications, you may experience some pain and swelling in your face and neck but most of it is usually gone within a couple weeks. Your face may feel stiff or numb for several months. During healing, there is a risk of infection or the bone shifting as you heal Mr Collier will discuss these or any other risks and complications with you before surgery.
Fixation of the Bones
To aid healing your bones are kept from moving using either screws plates or a occlusal splint or a combination of both to temporary secure the bite. Screws and plates are usually not removed once the bones have healed.
Healing after surgery
When you first wake up you may feel groggy from the anaesthesia you will notice the swelling and numbness you will be given pain medication to ease any discomfort. If you have difficulty speaking using paper and pencil may help. Try to get out of bed as soon as possible. Walk around to increase your circulation, reduce swelling and speedy recovery. Begin some form of oral hygiene as soon as you can using a mouth wash, rinse, or a child's toothbrush. Your surgeon will check on you after surgery. You may be to go home the same day. In some cases an overnight stay is required.
Recovery at home
You may be off work or school, for up to 2 weeks as you recover most of the swelling and numbness should be gone after several weeks you may still feel puffy or numb. Drink lots of fluid to prevent dehydration and help your body heal. Begin a sift diet according to your doctor's recommendations. You may notice a subtle change in your appearance but if your appearance changes dramatically, expect that your family and friends may be surprised at the difference. Take time to explain to them you are the same person and you may need them to help and support you now throughout the recovery.
You will continue to see Dr Redhead about every 6 weeks for six months to a year to make sure teeth are in the correct position for your new readjusted jaw. Dr Redhead will adjust your braces and make sure your teeth are moving as planned. After six months to a year your teeth should be in a position and your braces will be removed.
Depending on the type of surgery you have you may go back to work or school in about two weeks. You may want to begin with half days you can usually become fully active over a couple of months try to avoid injury to your face. Dr Redhead and Mr Collier may recommend you progress from liquid food to soft foods and then to regular foods over several weeks. They may recommend a physio to teach you facial exercises that improve your jaw's range of motion. Expect your friends or co-workers may be surprised about your appearance instead of waiting for them to say something, you may want to bring it up first.
After your braces come off you will be given retainers help you to maintain the position of your teeth, these will need to be worn every night forever to avoid the teeth moving into a poor position.
The new you
By working with a skilled team you can have your teeth and the bones in your jaws moved to a more balanced and functional position you may be pleasantly surprised at the difference it makes and how your face looks and feels.
Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Pain and Myofacial Dysfuntion
Many patients are recommended surgery to relieve Jaw pain. There is no conclusive scientific evidence to show that jaw surgery and/or orthodontics can correct this problem. One should be guarded about undertaking this type of surgery purely for the correction of this problem.
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